北京高校梅花桩联盟 2019-06-15 14:58:21
A ShortIntroduction of Meihuazhuang
Meihuazhuang（梅花桩）,also called Meihuaquan(梅花拳), is one of Chinese traditional internalKung Fu or Martial Arts, like Tai Chi. Its training programme consists of the "JiaZi"(架子)：basic framework set, "ChengQuan"(成拳)：a two-person fighting practice, “QinNa”(擒拿)： locking techniques and various “Weapons”(器械) such as staff, spear, straightsword, broadsword, etc. The Jiazi is the basic training routine andserves as the foundation upon which other martial skills are built.
Meihuazhuangis the Intangible Cultural Heritage of China.
The JiaZiTraining Methods
The structure of the JiaZi is unique in that it is not composed of movements that areovertly combat-oriented “fighting postures/stances”. Rather, the JiaZi is comprised of aseries of 'Static Stances' (zhuangbu桩步) which areconnected togetherusing 'Moving Steps' or named ‘Moving Footwork’ (xingbu行步).
The Static Stances (zhuangbu) are composed of 5 stances — Da, Shun, Ao,Xiao, Bai — which are based on the theory of the Five Elements (Metal,Water, Wood, Fire and Earth) in traditional Chinese philosophy.Each stance is held motionless for 3—5 deep breaths in order to developthe Qi andstrength, calm the mind and allow the practitioner to feel the connection amongthe body and limbs. Through the cycle of relaxed, expanded stances, the musclesand tendons are stretched and strengthened. Misalignments of the limbs in relationto the body is corrected as tension is gently and gradually released from themajor joints of the body. The joints “open”, become stable, strong and flexibleand the limbs become increasingly coordinated with the body.
The basic pattern of the JiaZicontains eight directions, arranged according to the four cardinal directionsand the intermediary diagonal directions. The five stances are performed ineach of the directions (also referred to as “corners”) and the overall patterncreated, when viewed from above, resembles a plum blossom in full bloom.
Dashi大势or Large Stance (see Figure 1). This posture is associated with the Metal Element, which according toChinese traditional medical theory, corresponds to the Lung and Large Intestine inside and the Nose outside.
Shunshi顺势or Smooth Stance (see Figure2). It is associated with the Water Element, which corresponds to theKidney and Bladder inside and the Ears outside.
Aoshi拗势or Twisted Stance, or the Crossstance (see Figure 3). It is associatedwith the Wood Element, whichcorresponds to the Liver andGallbladder inside and the Eyesoutside.
Xiaoshi小势or Small Stance, or the"T" stance (See Figure 4). Itis associated with the Fire Element,which corresponds to the Heart/pericardiumand Small Intestine/Triple Burner inside and the Tongue outside.
Baishi败势 or Defeat Stance or Fail Stance (See Figure 5). It is associated with the Earth Element which corresponds to theStomach and Spleen inside and the Mouth outside.
The Theory ofWuXing and the Transformation of Five Stances
The Wu Xing, (五行 wŭ xíng) also known as the Five Elements, Five Phases, is afivefold conceptual scheme that many traditional Chinese fields used to explaina wide array of phenomena, from cosmic cycles to the interaction betweeninternal organs, and from the succession of political regimes to the propertiesof medicinal drugs. The "Five Phases" are Metal (金 jīn),and Water (水 shuǐ), Wood (木 mù), Fire (火 huǒ),Earth (土 tǔ). This order of presentation is known as the "mutual producting"(xiāngshēng 相生) sequence.
The Five Postures Stanceschange into one another according to the theory of generation (mutual producting)and restriction (mutual restraint) of the Five Elements (Wuxing). Dashi 大势 belongs to Metal, and as Metal generates Water, soDashi 大势 transforms into Shunshi 顺势; Shunshi 顺势 belongs to Water and as Watergenerates Wood, so Shunshi 顺势 transforms into Aoshi 拗势; Aoshi 拗势 belongs to Wood and as Woodgenerates Fire, Aoshi 拗势 transforms into Xiaoshi 小势; Xiaoshi 小势 belongs to Fire and as Firegenerates Earth, Xiaoshi 小势 transforms into Baishi 败势; Baishi 败势 belongs to Earth and as Earthgenerates Metal, Baishi 败势 transforms into Dashi 大势. The five postures can circulate endlessly inthis way.
The most characteristic feature of the JiaZi, however, is the dynamicalteration between the Five Static Stances and the dynamic moving steps-- a training method whichcoordinates the mind (shen — intention and thought) with breathingand the body. The balanced left-right symmetrical training methods are anoutstanding form of exercise that engages, stretches and strengthens the entirebody. The JiaZiserves to train the collection and flow of Qi, bring about correct postural alignmentand body relaxation, lower the center of gravity, strengthen core muscle groupsof the body, develop light and rapid footwork and focus the mind. By constantly striving to improve correctbody posture alignments, jiaZi training helps to ensure a smooth flow of internal energy andforce, and helps to harmonize the coordination of the arms, legs and body.
According to the traditional Chinese world view, qi energy flowsthroughout nature and in the body as a life-giving and supporting force. The human body is a microcosmic reflection ofthe macrocosmic universe. In accordancewith this belief, alternations and changes of the five postures/stances aresynchronized with Nature. Changesbetween the five postures flow in accordance with the natural fluctuationsbetween Yin阴 and Yang阳 and are unobstructed, fluid and continuous without any breaks inthe flow of Qi. The entire JiaZimust be performed continuously without breaks in thought, intent or movement;the stake stances must held motionless and the Moving Steps must flow freely.In this way, the Yin and Yang aspects are well balanced andreflect the natural ebb and flow and occasional sudden change found in thenatural world.
Meihuazhuang is said to possess Four Abilitieswhich benefit itspractitioners in the following ways:
the ability to cure illnesses
improved mental ability
Meihuazhuang was introduced to Europe 1994. On the tenth of April1999, the AE-MHZ (Association Europenne de Meihuazhuang) was founded and theAE-MHZ currently,has a total membership of over 500 members who practice in approximately 35local groups across Europe. The AE-MHZ has an official Web-site address whereyou can contact the Association as well as find a list of meetings: www.meihuazhuang.org
Meihuazhuang is becoming increasingly popular in China wherepractice groups can be found throughout the country and universities under hisdirection. The official homepage inChinese is at www.meihuawuyu.com